Fun Facts==Africa==Ghana#2

25 Apr

Hello again everyone. Our fun facts Ghana part 2 continues. This week we will be focusing on the   tribes

ANLO-EWE        

Flag of the Ewe people

Flag of the Ewe people

    

The Anlo-Ewe tribe are located in the southeastern corner of the republic of Ghana. According to history the Anlo- Ewe people settled at their present home around the late part of the 15th century 1474, right after a dramatic escape from the Notsie, which was an ancestral federated region currently withinthe borders of the modern state of Togo.

To celebrate their escape there is an annual festival known as Hogbetsotso Za. The earlier settlers was establishe along seamless stretches of white sandy beaches of the Atlantic ocean, which is now the international border between Togo and Ghana, that is west to the eastern shores of Volta river.            

Map

   Map

   

   Names assigned to some of the settlements

Keta= means “the head of the sand” it is a lagoon which became central to the early evolution of the Anlo- Ewe traditional state. Its shallow waters were not navigable by the large slave ships and provieded a much buffer zone between the settlers and the slave traders. 

  The development

The development of small scale marine commercial activities for sustenance began immediately.

       =What are these activities= the constuction of canoes for fishermen who navigate the lagoon for usable fishing sites and canoe landings. Hunters used the canoes to explore other islands and the in-lands north of the lagoon for games, drinking water, farm lands and new settlement sites.

Source from: http://www.theafricanguide.com

Denu= means”the beginning of palm trees”

  Giving a name of a child in the Anlo- Ewe tribe

The naming of a child in the Anlo- Ewe tribe is one of the most important social and spiritual events, which marks the beginning of a childs destiny on earth. When the mother descovers that she is preagnant , everything surrounding her affects her life and the life of her unborn child. From daily chores, to who approcehes her at the market etc. however subtle the soul or spirit of the un-born child offers a glimmer of the personality of the child.

    =To mark these important events= The child name are automatically given to a child based on the weekday that they are born. The child is examined very carefully for hints ancestral soul that might be with him or her at birth. It is known in Ewe that all children are born accompanied by an ancestor whose job it is to assist the new child to accomplish their destiny.=Read more at=  http://www.mamiwata.com

 Culture

Most Ewe can trace male ancestors to their original villages and make their territorial divisions along those lines. Extended families are the most important part of a Ewe social life..          

Togbui Adeladza II, Paramount Chief of the Anlo-Ewe and His Royal entourage entering the Durbar Grounds of Hogbetsotso Festival at Anloga, the capital of the Anlo-Ewe traditional state.

Togbui Adeladza II, Paramount Chief
of the Anlo-Ewe and His Royal entourage entering the
Durbar Grounds of Hogbetsotso Festival at Anloga,
the capital of the Anlo-Ewe traditional state.

    =How chiefs are chosen= Chiefs are generally elected by consensus and get advice from elders. They are expected to keep their heads covered in public, and are not to seen drinking. 

The people see the chief as a communicator between the everyday world and the world of the ancestors. He must always keep a clear mind, and are not to see the face of a corpse.

=Traditionally chiefs sits on a black stool. A white stool is reserved for honorary chiefs=

Source from wikipedia.org

  Kindship

The smallest unit within a lineage is a hut; this is either a wife and her unmarried children or the same with the husband as well. There is a practice of polygyny although a small percentage of men actually have more than one wife. The man is the head of the household or afe and can act without interference except from his father. There is a large respect for elders and as long as a father is around the son is expected to comply with any of his demands.

Kinship Terminology

father’s younger brother-Todia

Male ego:
Child (both sexes) Vinye
Sibling (both sexes) Novi
Female sibling child Male sibling child Mother Dada
Father Fofo
Mother’s Sister Daga
Father’ Sister Ete
Mother’s Brother Nyrui
Father’s Brother Todia
Grandfather Togbi
Grandmother Mama

      Funerals

As elderly respect is in high regard in the Ewe society, funerals, traditionally, are extravagant events incorporating a multitude of events over a month’s span:

  1. Amedigbe: The body, previously preserved with herbs, is buried on this day usually two to three days after death.
  2. Ndinamegbe: The day after the burial principal mourners are received.
  3. Nudogbe: Day for wake-keeping 4–6 days after burial.
  4. Yofogbe: The day after wake-keeping lineage rituals are performed and family members of the deceased receive gifts and donations for funeral expenses.
  5. Akontawogbe: Donations are counted three days later.
  6. Xomefewogbe: Several days later a final cost of the funeral is calculated and donations may be repaid or more money may be raised.

Funeral donations are a main focus in the proceedings of the ceremonies due to the high cost of an Anlo funeral. Costs include the coffin, burial clothes, public dances, food and alcohol, also guest accommodations. In present day, in a more modernized and mobile society these funeral ceremonies usually take place over a single weekend several weeks after death to allow for distant relatives to prepare and accommodate work.  

Anloe-Ewe

Anloe-Ewe

  Religion

Traditionally the Anlo-Ewe have one supreme God Mawuga Kitikana or just Mawu. This god is believed to be all-powerful and everywhere at once. There are no shrines or devotional ceremonies because of this omnipresent belief and instead the people practice religion through lower level divinities.These include: Yewe, Afa, Eda, Nana, Mamiwota, etc. The first two being the most popular, each having a membership initiation process to worship.   Source from  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anlo_Ewe

                                         =====Few of  Other tribes in Ghana=====

Fanti Tribe 

The Fanti tribe are mainly located in the coastal areas of Ghana

Ga-Adangbe Tribe

The Ga-Adangbe people inhabit the Accra Plains. The Adangbe are found to the east, the Ga groups, to the west of the Accra coastlands. Although both languages are derived from a common proto-Ga-Adangbe ancestral language, modern Ga and Adangbe are mutually unintelligible. The modern Adangbe include the people of Shai, La, Ningo, Kpone, Osudoku, Krobo, Gbugble, and Ada, who speak different dialects. 

Gaun Tribe
The Guan are believed to have begun to migrate from the Mossi region of modern Burkina around A.D. 1000. Moving gradually through the Volta valley in a southerly direction, they created settlements along the Black Volta, throughout the Afram Plains, in the Volta Gorge, and in the Akwapim Hills before moving farther south onto the coastal plains. 

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